Teaching Reading – What Are the Different Approaches?



What are the Different Approaches to Reading?

A reading approach is a way of starting to teach beginners to read. Over the past years teachers have used various approaches to the teaching of reading, writing and spelling. There are various ways of beginning to teach reading.

The Analytic Approach

This approach begins with whole words, usually nouns which can be easily illustrated and which have a meaning for the reader. The word is them broken down into its component parts or analyzed.

This way the reader can see the relationship between the written word, reading the word and their own language.

The Eclectic Approach

An eclectic approach to reading uses a combination of methods such as global, analytic and synthetic to best suit the learner and teacher.

The Global Approach

A global approach to reading gives the learner meaningful text to listen to, look at and memorize by sight. It assumes that a person learns best when reading begins with natural text.

The Sight Word Approach

In a sight word approach new words are learned by memorizing them with the help of picture clues.

The Syllable Approach

In the syllable approach, the syllable is the basic building block used to decode words. It is a synthetic approach to reading which is a method which begins with the smallest part of sounds and builds them into syllables and words/ This is called synthesizing them.

The Synthetic Approach to Reading

The synthetic approach to reading builds up words by learning smaller units of speech such as letters, sounds, and syllables. It is usually used alongside other methods of teaching reading such as the phonic or analytic approach.



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